Ma-na Music

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Electronic Music History and Today’s Best Modern Proponents!

asdsElectronic music history pre-dates the rock and roll era by decades. Most of us were not even on this planet when it began its often obscure, under-appreciated and misunderstood development. Today, this ‘other worldly’ body of sound which began close to a century ago, may no longer appear strange and unique as new generations have accepted much of it as mainstream, but it’s had a bumpy road and, in finding mass audience acceptance, a slow one.

Many musicians – the modern proponents of electronic music – developed a passion for analogue synthesizers in the late 1970’s and early 1980’s with signature songs like Gary Numan’s breakthrough, ‘Are Friends Electric?’. It was in this era that these devices became smaller, more accessible, more user friendly and more affordable for many of us. In this article I will attempt to trace this history in easily digestible chapters and offer examples of today’s best modern proponents.

To my mind, this was the beginning of a new epoch. To create electronic music, it was no longer necessary to have access to a roomful of technology in a studio or live. Hitherto, this was solely the domain of artists the likes of Kraftwerk, whose arsenal of electronic instruments and custom built gadgetry the rest of us could only have dreamed of, even if we could understand the logistics of their functioning. Having said this, at the time I was growing up in the 60’s & 70’s, I nevertheless had little knowledge of the complexity of work that had set a standard in previous decades to arrive at this point.

The history of electronic music owes much to Karlheinz Stockhausen (1928-2007). Stockhausen was a German Avante Garde composer and a pioneering figurehead in electronic music from the 1950’s onwards, influencing a movement that would eventually have a powerful impact upon names such as Kraftwerk, Tangerine Dream, Brain Eno, Cabaret Voltaire, Depeche Mode, not to mention the experimental work of the Beatles’ and others in the 1960’s. His face is seen on the cover of “Sgt. Pepper’s Lonely Hearts Club Band”, the Beatles’ 1967 master Opus. Let’s start, however, by traveling a little further back in time.

The Turn of the 20th Century

Time stood still for this stargazer when I originally discovered that the first documented, exclusively electronic, concerts were not in the 1970’s or 1980’s but in the 1920’s!

The first purely electronic instrument, the Theremin, which is played without touch, was invented by Russian scientist and cellist, Lev Termen (1896-1993), circa 1919.

In 1924, the Theremin made its concert debut with the Leningrad Philharmonic. Interest generated by the theremin drew audiences to concerts staged across Europe and Britain. In 1930, the prestigious Carnegie Hall in New York, experienced a performance of classical music using nothing but a series of ten theremins. Watching a number of skilled musicians playing this eerie sounding instrument by waving their hands around its antennae must have been so exhilarating, surreal and alien for a pre-tech audience!

For those interested, check out the recordings of Theremin virtuoso Clara Rockmore (1911-1998). Lithuanian born Rockmore (Reisenberg) worked with its inventor in New York to perfect the instrument during its early years and became its most acclaimed, brilliant and recognized performer and representative throughout her life.

In retrospect Clara, was the first celebrated ‘star’ of genuine electronic music. You are unlikely to find more eerie, yet beautiful performances of classical music on the Theremin. She’s definitely a favorite of mine!

Electronic Music in Sci-Fi, Cinema and Television

Unfortunately, and due mainly to difficulty in skill mastering, the Theremin’s future as a musical instrument was short lived. Eventually, it found a niche in 1950’s Sci-Fi films. The 1951 cinema classic “The Day the Earth Stood Still”, with a soundtrack by influential American film music composer Bernard Hermann (known for Alfred Hitchcock’s “Psycho”, etc.), is rich with an ‘extraterrestrial’ score using two Theremins and other electronic devices melded with acoustic instrumentation.

Using the vacuum-tube oscillator technology of the Theremin, French cellist and radio telegraphist, Maurice Martenot (1898-1980), began developing the Ondes Martenot (in French, known as the Martenot Wave) in 1928.

Employing a standard and familiar keyboard which could be more easily mastered by a musician, Martenot’s instrument succeeded where the Theremin failed in being user-friendly. In fact, it became the first successful electronic instrument to be used by composers and orchestras of its period until the present day.

It is featured on the theme to the original 1960’s TV series “Star Trek”, and can be heard on contemporary recordings by the likes of Radiohead and Brian Ferry.

The expressive multi-timbral Ondes Martenot, although monophonic, is the closest instrument of its generation I have heard which approaches the sound of modern synthesis.

“Forbidden Planet”, released in 1956, was the first major commercial studio film to feature an exclusively electronic soundtrack… aside from introducing Robbie the Robot and the stunning Anne Francis! The ground-breaking score was produced by husband and wife team Louis and Bebe Barron who, in the late 1940’s, established the first privately owned recording studio in the USA recording electronic experimental artists such as the iconic John Cage (whose own Avante Garde work challenged the definition of music itself!).

The Barrons are generally credited for having widening the application of electronic music in cinema. A soldering iron in one hand, Louis built circuitry which he manipulated to create a plethora of bizarre, ‘unearthly’ effects and motifs for the movie. Once performed, these sounds could not be replicated as the circuit would purposely overload, smoke and burn out to produce the desired sound result.

Consequently, they were all recorded to tape and Bebe sifted through hours of reels edited what was deemed usable, then re-manipulated these with delay and reverberation and creatively dubbed the end product using multiple tape decks.

In addition to this laborious work method, I feel compelled to include that which is, arguably, the most enduring and influential electronic Television signature ever: the theme to the long running 1963 British Sci-Fi adventure series, “Dr. Who”. It was the first time a Television series featured a solely electronic theme. The theme to “Dr. Who” was created at the legendary BBC Radiophonic Workshop using tape loops and test oscillators to run through effects, record these to tape, then were re-manipulated and edited by another Electro pioneer, Delia Derbyshire, interpreting the composition of Ron Grainer.

As you can see, electronic music’s prevalent usage in vintage Sci-Fi was the principle source of the general public’s perception of this music as being ‘other worldly’ and ‘alien-bizarre sounding’. This remained the case till at least 1968 with the release of the hit album “Switched-On Bach” performed entirely on a Moog modular synthesizer by Walter Carlos (who, with a few surgical nips and tucks, subsequently became Wendy Carlos).

The 1970’s expanded electronic music’s profile with the break through of bands like Kraftwerk and Tangerine Dream, and especially the 1980’s when it found more mainstream acceptance.

The Mid 1900’s: Musique Concrete

In its development through the 1900’s, electronic music was not solely confined to electronic circuitry being manipulated to produce sound. Back in the 1940’s, a relatively new German invention – the reel-to-reel tape recorder developed in the 1930’s – became the subject of interest to a number of Avante Garde European composers, most notably the French radio broadcaster and composer Pierre Schaeffer (1910-1995) who developed a montage technique he called Musique Concrete.

Musique Concrete (meaning ‘real world’ existing sounds as opposed to artificial or acoustic ones produced by musical instruments) broadly involved the splicing together of recorded segments of tape containing ‘found’ sounds – natural, environmental, industrial and human – and manipulating these with effects such as delay, reverb, distortion, speeding up or slowing down of tape-speed (varispeed), reversing, etc.

Stockhausen actually held concerts utilizing his Musique Concrete works as backing tapes (by this stage electronic as well as ‘real world’ sounds were used on the recordings) on top of which live instruments would be performed by classical players responding to the mood and motifs they were hearing!

Musique Concrete had a wide impact not only on Avante Garde and effects libraries, but also on the contemporary music of the 1960’s and 1970’s. Important works to check are the Beatles’ use of this method in ground-breaking tracks like ‘Tomorrow Never Knows’, ‘Revolution No. 9’ and ‘Being for the Benefit of Mr. Kite’, as well as Pink Floyd albums “Umma Gumma”, “Dark Side of the Moon” and Frank Zappa’s “Lumpy Gravy”. All used tape cut-ups and home-made tape loops often fed live into the main mixdown.

Today this can be performed with simplicity using digital sampling, but yesterday’s heroes labored hours, days and even weeks to perhaps complete a four minute piece! For those of us who are contemporary musicians, understanding the history of electronic music helps in appreciating the quantum leap technology has taken in the recent period. But these early innovators, these pioneers – of which there are many more down the line – and the important figures they influenced that came before us, created the revolutionary groundwork that has become our electronic musical heritage today and for this I pay them homage!

1950’s: The First Computer and Synth Play Music

Moving forward a few years to 1957 and enter the first computer into the electronic mix. As you can imagine, it wasn’t exactly a portable laptop device but consumed a whole room and user friendly wasn’t even a concept. Nonetheless creative people kept pushing the boundaries. One of these was Max Mathews (1926 -) from Bell Telephone Laboratories, New Jersey, who developed Music 1, the original music program for computers upon which all subsequent digital synthesis has its roots based. Mathews, dubbed the ‘Father of Computer Music’, using a digital IBM Mainframe, was the first to synthesize music on a computer.

In the climax of Stanley Kubrik’s 1968 movie ‘2001: A Space Odyssey’, use is made of a 1961 Mathews’ electronic rendition of the late 1800’s song ‘Daisy Bell’. Here the musical accompaniment is performed by his programmed mainframe together with a computer-synthesized human ‘singing’ voice technique pioneered in the early 60’s. In the movie, as HAL the computer regresses, ‘he’ reverts to this song, an homage to ‘his’ own origins.

1957 also witnessed the first advanced synth, the RCA Mk II Sound Synthesizer (an improvement on the 1955 original). It also featured an electronic sequencer to program music performance playback. This massive RCA Synth was installed, and still remains, at the Columbia-Princeton Electronic Music Center, New York, where the legendary Robert Moog worked for a while. Universities and Tech laboratories were the main home for synth and computer music experimentation in that early era.

1960’s: The Dawning of The Age of Moog

The logistics and complexity of composing and even having access to what were, until then, musician unfriendly synthesizers, led to a demand for more portable playable instruments. One of the first to respond, and definitely the most successful, was Robert Moog (1934-2005). His playable synth employed the familiar piano style keyboard.

Moog’s bulky telephone-operators’ cable plug-in type of modular synth was not one to be transported and set up with any amount of ease or speed! But it received an enormous boost in popularity with the success of Walter Carlos, as previously mentioned, in 1968. His LP (Long Player) best seller record “Switched-On Bach” was unprecedented because it was the first time an album appeared of fully synthesized music, as opposed to experimental sound pieces.

The album was a complex classical music performance with various multi-tracks and overdubs necessary, as the synthesizer was only monophonic! Carlos also created the electronic score for “A Clockwork Orange”, Stanley Kubrik’s disturbing 1972 futuristic film.

From this point, the Moog synth is prevalent on a number of late 1960’s contemporary albums. In 1967 the Monkees’ “Pisces, Aquarius, Capricorn & Jones Ltd” became the first commercial pop album release to feature the modular Moog. In fact, singer/drummer Mickey Dolenz purchased one of the very first units sold.

It wasn’t until the early 1970’s, however, when the first Minimoog appeared that interest seriously developed amongst musicians. This portable little unit with a fat sound had a significant impact becoming part of live music kit for many touring musicians for years to come. Other companies such as Sequential Circuits, Roland and Korg began producing their own synths, giving birth to a music subculture.

I cannot close the chapter on the 1960’s, however, without reference to the Mellotron. This electronic-mechanical instrument is often viewed as the primitive precursor to the modern digital sampler.

Developed in early 1960’s Britain and based on the Chamberlin (a cumbersome US-designed instrument from the previous decade), the Mellotron keyboard triggered pre-recorded tapes, each key corresponding to the equivalent note and pitch of the pre-loaded acoustic instrument.

The Mellotron is legendary for its use on the Beatles’ 1966 song ‘Strawberry Fields Forever’. A flute tape-bank is used on the haunting introduction played by Paul McCartney.

The instrument’s popularity burgeoned and was used on many recordings of the era such as the immensely successful Moody Blues epic ‘Nights in White Satin’. The 1970’s saw it adopted more and more by progressive rock bands. Electronic pioneers Tangerine Dream featured it on their early albums.

With time and further advances in microchip technology though, this charming instrument became a relic of its period.

1970’s: The Birth of Vintage Electronic Bands

The early fluid albums of Tangerine Dream such as “Phaedra” from 1974 and Brian Eno’s work with his self-coined ‘ambient music’ and on David Bowie’s “Heroes” album, further drew interest in the synthesizer from both musicians and audience.

Kraftwerk, whose 1974 seminal album “Autobahn” achieved international commercial success, took the medium even further adding precision, pulsating electronic beats and rhythms and sublime synth melodies. Their minimalism suggested a cold, industrial and computerized-urban world. They often utilized vocoders and speech synthesis devices such as the gorgeously robotic ‘Speak and Spell’ voice emulator, the latter being a children’s learning aid!

While inspired by the experimental electronic works of Stockhausen, as artists, Kraftwerk were the first to successfully combine all the elements of electronically generated music and noise and produce an easily recognizable song format. The addition of vocals in many of their songs, both in their native German tongue and English, helped earn them universal acclaim becoming one of the most influential contemporary music pioneers and performers of the past half-century.

Kraftwerk’s 1978 gem ‘Das Modell’ hit the UK number one spot with a reissued English language version, ‘The Model’, in February 1982, making it one of the earliest Electro chart toppers!

Ironically, though, it took a movement that had no association with EM (Electronic Music) to facilitate its broader mainstream acceptance. The mid 1970’s punk movement, primarily in Britain, brought with it a unique new attitude: one that gave priority to self-expression rather than performance dexterity and formal training, as embodied by contemporary progressive rock musicians. The initial aggression of metallic punk transformed into a less abrasive form during the late 1970’s: New Wave. This, mixed with the comparative affordability of many small, easy to use synthesizers, led to the commercial synth explosion of the early 1980’s.

A new generation of young people began to explore the potential of these instruments and began to create soundscapes challenging the prevailing perspective of contemporary music. This didn’t arrive without battle scars though. The music industry establishment, especially in its media, often derided this new form of expression and presentation and was anxious to consign it to the dustbin of history.

1980’s: The First Golden Era of Electronic Music for the Masses

Gary Numan became arguably the first commercial synth megastar with the 1979 “Tubeway Army” hit ‘Are Friends Electric?’. The Sci-Fi element is not too far away once again. Some of the imagery is drawn from the Science Fiction classic, “Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?”. The 1982 hit film “Blade Runner” was also based on the same book.

Although ‘Are Friends Electric?’ featured conventional drum and bass backing, its dominant use of Polymoogs gives the song its very distinctive sound. The recording was the first synth-based release to achieve number one chart status in the UK during the post-punk years and helped usher in a new genre. No longer was electronic and/or synthesizer music consigned to the mainstream sidelines. Exciting!

Further developments in affordable electronic technology placed electronic squarely in the hands of young creators and began to transform professional studios.

Designed in Australia in 1978, the Fairlight Sampler CMI became the first commercially available polyphonic digital sampling instrument but its prohibitive cost saw it solely in use by the likes of Trevor Horn, Stevie Wonder and Peter Gabriel. By mid-decade, however, smaller, cheaper instruments entered the market such as the ubiquitous Akai and Emulator Samplers often used by musicians live to replicate their studio-recorded sounds. The Sampler revolutionized the production of music from this point on.

In most major markets, with the qualified exception of the US, the early 1980’s was commercially drawn to electro-influenced artists. This was an exciting era for many of us, myself included. I know I wasn’t alone in closeting the distorted guitar and amps and immersing myself into a new universe of musical expression – a sound world of the abstract and non traditional.

At home, Australian synth based bands Real Life (‘Send Me An Angel’, “Heartland” album), Icehouse (‘Hey Little Girl’) and Pseudo Echo (‘Funky Town’) began to chart internationally, and more experimental electronic outfits like Severed Heads and SPK also developed cult followings overseas.

But by mid-decade the first global electronic wave lost its momentum amidst resistance fomented by an unrelenting old school music media. Most of the artists that began the decade as predominantly electro-based either disintegrated or heavily hybrid their sound with traditional rock instrumentation.

The USA, the largest world market in every sense, remained in the conservative music wings for much of the 1980’s. Although synth-based records did hit the American charts, the first being Human League’s 1982 US chart topper ‘Don’t You Want Me Baby?’, on the whole it was to be a few more years before the American mainstream embraced electronic music, at which point it consolidated itself as a dominant genre for musicians and audiences alike, worldwide.

1988 was somewhat of a watershed year for electronic music in the US. Often maligned in the press in their early years, it was Depeche Mode that unintentionally – and mostly unaware – spearheaded this new assault. From cult status in America for much of the decade, their new high-play rotation on what was now termed Modern Rock radio resulted in mega stadium performances. An Electro act playing sold out arenas was not common fare in the USA at that time!

In 1990, fan pandemonium in New York to greet the members at a central record shop made TV news, and their “Violator” album outselling Madonna and Prince in the same year made them a US household name. Electronic music was here to stay, without a doubt!

1990’s Onward: The Second Golden Era of Electronic Music for the Masses

Before our ‘star music’ secured its hold on the US mainstream, and while it was losing commercial ground elsewhere throughout much of the mid 1980’s, Detroit and Chicago became unassuming laboratories for an explosion of Electronic Music which would see out much of the 1990’s and onwards. Enter Techno and House.

Detroit in the 1980’s, a post-Fordism US industrial wasteland, produced the harder European influenced Techno. In the early to mid 80’s, Detroiter Juan Atkins, an obsessive Kraftwerk fan, together with Derrick May and Kevin Saunderson – using primitive, often borrowed equipment – formed the backbone of what would become, together with House, the predominant music club-culture throughout the world. Heavily referenced artists that informed early Techno development were European pioneers such as the aforementioned Kraftwerk, as well as Yello and British Electro acts the likes of Depeche Mode, Human League, Heaven 17, New Order and Cabaret Voltaire.

Chicago, a four-hour drive away, simultaneously saw the development of House. The name is generally considered to be derived from “The Warehouse” where various DJ-Producers featured this new music amalgam. House has its roots in 1970’s disco and, unlike Techno, usually has some form of vocal. I think Giorgio Moroder’s work in the mid 70’s with Donna Summer, especially the song ‘I Feel Love’, is pivotal in appreciating the 70’s disco influences upon burgeoning Chicago House.

A myriad of variants and sub genres have developed since – crossing the Atlantic, reworked and back again – but in many ways the popular success of these two core forms revitalized the entire Electronic landscape and its associated social culture. Techno and House helped to profoundly challenge mainstream and Alternative Rock as the preferred listening choice for a new generation: a generation who has grown up with electronic music and accepts it as a given. For them, it is music that has always been.

The history of electronic music continues to be written as technology advances and people’s expectations of where music can go continues to push it forward, increasing its vocabulary and lexicon.

Four Things That Kill Your Chances For Music Career Success

abcWhat do you believe is the number one thing that musicians are doing to ruin their chances at succeeding in the music industry? Is it: not practicing their instrument enough? Not putting together enough good music industry connections? Living in a city with no music scene? The answer to all of this is NO – none of these things. There can be countless reasons why a musician would fail to make it in the music industry, but the things above are merely symptoms of a deeper cause. In reality, the most common reason why musicians never succeed in this business is they have a FEAR based mindset.

The majority of musicians allow their fears to ruin their chances for succeeding in music. Some of these fears are understood consciously while others are only identifiable to someone who is looking for them.
Unfortunately, whether you are aware of them or not, your fears can be very devastating to your music career. As one who mentors musicians on how to build a successful music career, I’ve observed this endless times.

The following are some of the frequent fears that devastate musicians’ chances for becoming successful and how to overcome them so that you can quickly move your music career forward:

Musician Fear #1: Fear Of Not Making Any Money

Anytime you have told your friends or family that you want to become a professional musician, what have they told you? Probably something like this:

*”You’ve got to get a safe job first in order to have a solid backup plan for your music career.”

*”Musicians can’t make a good living”

*”All musicians have to play street corners for change just to get by”

In most cases you are told these things out of the best intentions… However, these ideas are highly misguided. Truth is, it’s not as hard as you might think to earn a good living in the music industry if you know specifically what to do to make money as a pro musician (and actually DO it). With this in mind, it’s exactly because the above false beliefs about the music industry are so wide spread, that they cause many musicians to fear not being able to make money. They then do things that lead to the exact OPPOSITE of what is needed to earn a good living.

The following is how trying ‘not’ to run into financial struggles in the music industry causes you to have difficulty making good money as a musician:

*You never make the effort to earn a lot more money in your music career. The worst thing you can possibly do is expect that you’ll struggle to make money as a musician. It’s certain that when you do this, you begin to live into the world you’ve created for yourself in your mind.

*You take your music career in the WRONG direction. By expecting failure in terms of making good money, many musicians start thinking they’ll be better off going to college to get a degree in a non-musical field, working at a “secure” job and THEN going after their music career dreams in their spare time. In the end, they almost always end up failing with this approach.

*You eat the goose that lays golden eggs. Note: What is written below could seem like “self-promotion,” since I mention how I mentor musicians as an illustration of a critical point. Of course, there is a very important lesson for you to learn here, and my words are true regardless of whether I am selling something or not. The lesson for you here illustrates how merely being AFRAID of becoming broke causes you to forever remain broke as a musician, until you make a significant change.

I occasionally receive messages from musicians who initially hesitated to join my music career training program or attend my music career money making event (where I show musicians how to easily make tons of money), because they are under the impression that they “cannot afford it.” Even after I take them through the overwhelming proof for how my programs have given HUGE results to the musicians I’ve worked with, they still remain skeptical and fearful. This skepticism comes from the same false narratives described above – that all musicians will inevitably become broke and struggle, so there is no point in pursuing a music career. Ironically, by attempting to “save” a few bucks in the moment and passing on the training (that is PROVEN to get results) on how to develop a lucrative music career, you are ensuring that you will never make a big income with music. This is referred to as “eating the goose that lays golden eggs” because you decide to eat the goose now rather than wait for golden eggs to appear later. Rather than learning how to earn money in your music career and building toward the future, you give in to your fear… guaranteeing that you will never make progress to move your career to a higher level.

How To Keep This Fear From De-railing Your Music Career:

1. Know that the belief that all musicians struggle to make money isn’t true and it certainly does not have to be your reality. This realization alone will keep you from letting fear steer your music career away from the things you really want.

2. Instead of being preoccupied with thoughts of how hard it will be to make money in music, take action to learn more about how to BECOME financially successful as a musician. There is a clear (and rudimentary) difference between these 2 mindsets and the ends that each one leads to are complete opposites.

Musician Fear #2: Fear Of Not Succeeding In Your Music Career

Too many musicians mess up their music careers by fearing that:

*They aren’t young enough to have a music career

*They don’t have enough talent to make it in music

*They don’t live in a big enough music city

*They don’t have a university degree in a musical field

*Their musical style is not well known where they live

*There are not enough serious musicians where they live who they can work with

*If they fail, they will look dumb in front of all the people who they told about their musical dreams (friends, family, etc.)

Besides the numerous reasons why these fears are irrational, know the following:

1. What you believe becomes your reality. If you think you have a good excuse for why you simply can’t become a successful musician (such as any of the things above), you will rationalize it and use it as a way to avoid advancing your music career. When you do this, you are GUARANTEED to fail at breaking into the music business. The other side of the coin is also true: if you believe that you are definitely going to become successful, and you are the master of your destiny, you will find a way to do whatever needs to get done to reach your goals. It’s clear that the latter mindset has a massively higher rate of success (both in the music business and in everyday life).

2. If you don’t even attempt to grow a successful music career – you have failed. Even worse than this guarantee of 100% failure, is you are going to regret not taking action to do what you dreamed of with music when you look back at all the opportunities you missed.

Musician Fear #3: Fear Of Becoming Successful In Your Music Career

Does it sound ridiculous to be afraid of becoming successful? It’s not. While the above fear of “failure” is a frequent occurrence for musicians who are new to the music industry, the fear of “becoming successful” is common for more seasoned musicians who are close to making a major breakthrough in their music careers.

These musicians can easily self-destruct by worrying about how their lives will be different when they become successful, how others will view them, how difficult it will be to continue their success or believing below the surface that they do not truly “deserve” to be successful. This causes many musicians begin to intentionally sabotage themselves by NOT doing things they know are in their own best interest (such as joining bands, going on tour or getting the training that they know they need that will build their career).

How To Not Let Fear Of Failure (Or Success) De-rail Your Music Career:

1. Understand that all the things you tell yourself about why you can’t have a music career in your specific scenario are just stories you make up. You have MASSIVE potential for success as a musician (much more than you realize), regardless of how old you are, what your current musical background is or the location where you live.

2. Think like highly successful musicians think. As I explained already, there is a basic difference between “playing to WIN” (in your music career) vs. playing “not to lose”. Successful musicians play to win and they do not focus on “avoiding fear” – they focus on “achieving success”… and this is what you must do as well.

3. Stack the deck of cards in your favor. You will drastically raise your odds of success in the music business (and beat your fear of failure), once you begin navigating the music industry without a blindfold on. Instead, quickly make progress by getting trained by a music career success mentor who has already helped many musicians achieve success in their music careers.

Musician Fear #4: Fear Of Being Treated Unfairly By Music Companies, Promoters And Other Industry Executives

The music industry is filled with long winded stories from (failed) musicians who claim that someone in the music industry has lead them to fail because they forced them to sign a bad contract, refused to pay them enough money or “screwed” them in some other way. Stories like this make many musicians afraid of getting into any business deals in the music industry and sometimes keep them from even trying to pursue a music career.

Here is a big music industry secret that no one will tell you that will turn this fear into potential for achieving success:

It’s the COMPANIES who should have a fear of being taken advantage of by the MUSICIANS they work with. Fact is, most music companies are NOT out there to screw the musicians they work with. Instead, they are really HUNGRY for new talent, for “everyone wins” partnerships and for ways to best use their resources (with the help of musicians they hire) to help everyone involved prosper.

At the same time, these companies are also afraid of spending MASSIVE sums of money into musicians who:

*Are emotionally or mentally unstable

*Feel “entitled” to receive the company’s money and resources simply because they may be good musicians

*Are lazy and can’t be depended upon

*Do not help the company earn money in a way that is mutually beneficial

… and a long list of other factors.

Truth is, music companies invest tons of time, money and other resources into the musicians they work with. They have a lot more at stake than most of the musicians they work with do, so they have to be very careful about doing business with the right musicians. They are inclined to refuse to act against their own best interest by working with musicians who seem risky (as investments) or who ask for more money than they have earned.

How To Not Let This Fear De-rail Your Music Career:

Know that what you just learned is a huge inside tip into how the music business actually works and will make all the difference between success and failure. Rather than being afraid that music companies are out to screw musicians, understand that you have a great opportunity to put yourself light years ahead of the competition in the music industry. Here is what you need to do:

*Know EXACTLY what people in the music industry look for in you (this extends way beyond your musical skills).

*Gather the pieces of value you require to make yourself the best choice for the greatest music career opportunities.

*Clearly display your value to the companies you want to work with by developing a rock-solid reputation for yourself as a risk-free musician who adds value for others.

By doing this, music companies will actively seek you out to give you the opportunities that other musicians never dreamed of.

Now that you have a good understanding of what fears hold so many musicians back from developing their music careers, take mental note of your thoughts and beliefs around working in the music industry. Once you become aware of the fears that are keeping YOU back, take action to transform your mindset (utilizing the resources and tools mentioned throughout this article). When you do this, you will find that your fears dissolve away as your music career starts quickly going in the right direction.

Music Genres

abThis is a list of some of the world’s music genre and their definitions.

African Folk – Music held to be typical of a nation or ethnic group, known to all segments of its society, and preserved usually by oral tradition.

Afro jazz – Refers to jazz music which has been heavily influenced by African music. The music took elements of marabi, swing and American jazz and synthesized this into a unique fusion. The first band to really achieve this synthesis was the South African band Jazz Maniacs.

Afro-beat – Is a combination of Yoruba music, jazz, Highlife, and funk rhythms, fused with African percussion and vocal styles, popularized in Africa in the 1970s.

Afro-Pop – Afropop or Afro Pop is a term sometimes used to refer to contemporary African pop music. The term does not refer to a specific style or sound, but is used as a general term to describe African popular music.

Apala – Originally derived from the Yoruba people of Nigeria. It is a percussion-based style that developed in the late 1930s, when it was used to wake worshippers after fasting during the Islamic holy month of Ramadan.

Assiko – is a popular dance from the South of Cameroon. The band is usually based on a singer accompanied with a guitar, and a percussionnist playing the pulsating rhythm of Assiko with metal knives and forks on an empty bottle.

Batuque – is a music and dance genre from Cape Verde.

Bend Skin – is a kind of urban Cameroonian popular music. Kouchoum Mbada is the most well-known group associated with the genre.

Benga – Is a musical genre of Kenyan popular music. It evolved between the late 1940s and late 1960s, in Kenya’s capital city of Nairobi.

Biguine – is a style of music that originated in Martinique in the 19th century. By combining the traditional bele music with the polka, the black musicians of Martinique created the biguine, which comprises three distinct styles, the biguine de salon, the biguine de bal and the biguines de rue.

Bikutsi – is a musical genre from Cameroon. It developed from the traditional styles of the Beti, or Ewondo, people, who live around the city of Yaounde.

Bongo Flava – it has a mix of rap, hip hop, and R&B for starters but these labels don’t do it justice. It’s rap, hip hop and R&B Tanzanian style: a big melting pot of tastes, history, culture and identity.

Cadence – is a particular series of intervals or chords that ends a phrase, section, or piece of music.

Calypso – is a style of Afro-Caribbean music which originated in Trinidad at about the start of the 20th century. The roots of the genre lay in the arrival of African slaves, who, not being allowed to speak with each other, communicated through song.

Chaabi – is a popular music of Morocco, very similar to the Algerian Rai.

Chimurenga – is a Zimbabwean popular music genre coined by and popularised by Thomas Mapfumo. Chimurenga is a Shona language word for struggle.

Chouval Bwa – features percussion, bamboo flute, accordion, and wax-paper/comb-type kazoo. The music originated among rural Martinicans.

Christian Rap – is a form of rap which uses Christian themes to express the songwriter’s faith.

Coladeira – is a form of music in Cape Verde. Its element ascends to funacola which is a mixture of funanáa and coladera. Famous coladera musicians includes Antoninho Travadinha.

Contemporary Christian – is a genre of popular music which is lyrically focused on matters concerned with the Christian faith.

Country – is a blend of popular musical forms originally found in the Southern United States and the Appalachian Mountains. It has roots in traditional folk music, Celtic music, blues, gospel music, hokum, and old-time music and evolved rapidly in the 1920s.

Dance Hall – is a type of Jamaican popular music which developed in the late 1970s, with exponents such as Yellowman and Shabba Ranks. It is also known as bashment. The style is characterized by a deejay singing and toasting (or rapping) over raw and danceable music riddims.

Disco – is a genre of dance-oriented pop music that was popularized in dance clubs in the mid-1970s.

Folk – in the most basic sense of the term, is music by and for the common people.

Freestyle – is a form of electronic music that is heavily influenced by Latin American culture.

Fuji – is a popular Nigerian musical genre. It arose from the improvisation Ajisari/were music tradition, which is a kind of Muslim music performed to wake believers before dawn during the Ramadan fasting season.

Funana – is a mixed Portuguese and African music and dance from Santiago, Cape Verde. It is said that the lower part of the body movement is African, and the upper part Portuguese.

Funk – is an American musical style that originated in the mid- to late-1960s when African American musicians blended soul music, soul jazz and R&B into a rhythmic, danceable new form of music.

Gangsta rap – is a subgenre of hip-hop music which developed during the late 1980s. ‘Gangsta’ is a variation on the spelling of ‘gangster’. After the popularity of Dr. Dre’s The Chronic in 1992, gangsta rap became the most commercially lucrative subgenre of hip-hop.

Genge – is a genre of hip hop music that had its beginnings in Nairobi, Kenya. The name was coined and popularized by Kenyan rapper Nonini who started off at Calif Records. It is a style that incorporates hip hop, dancehall and traditional African music styles. It is commonly sung in Sheng(slung),Swahili or local dialects.

Gnawa – is a mixture of African, Berber, and Arabic religious songs and rhythms. It combines music and acrobatic dancing. The music is both a prayer and a celebration of life.

Gospel – is a musical genre characterized by dominant vocals (often with strong use of harmony) referencing lyrics of a religious nature, particularly Christian.

Highlife – is a musical genre that originated in Ghana and spread to Sierra Leone and Nigeria in the 1920s and other West African countries.

Hip-Hop – is a style of popular music, typically consisting of a rhythmic, rhyming vocal style called rapping (also known as emceeing) over backing beats and scratching performed on a turntable by a DJ.

House – is a style of electronic dance music that was developed by dance club DJs in Chicago in the early to mid-1980s. House music is strongly influenced by elements of the late 1970s soul- and funk-infused dance music style of disco.

Indie – is a term used to describe genres, scenes, subcultures, styles and other cultural attributes in music, characterized by their independence from major commercial record labels and their autonomous, do-it-yourself approach to recording and publishing.

Instrumental – An instrumental is, in contrast to a song, a musical composition or recording without lyrics or any other sort of vocal music; all of the music is produced by musical instruments.

Isicathamiya – is an a cappella singing style that originated from the South African Zulus.

Jazz – is an original American musical art form which originated around the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States out of a confluence of African and European music traditions.

Jit – is a style of popular Zimbabwean dance music. It features a swift rhythm played on drums and accompanied by a guitar.

Juju – is a style of Nigerian popular music, derived from traditional Yoruba percussion. It evolved in the 1920s in urban clubs across the countries. The first jùjú recordings were by Tunde King and Ojoge Daniel from the 1920s.

Kizomba – is one of the most popular genres of dance and music from Angola. Sung generally in Portuguese, it is a genre of music with a romantic flow mixed with African rhythm.

Kwaito – is a music genre that emerged in Johannesburg, South Africa in the early 1990s. It is based on house music beats, but typically at a slower tempo and containing melodic and percussive African samples which are looped, deep basslines and often vocals, generally male, shouted or chanted rather than sung or rapped.

Kwela – is a happy, often pennywhistle based, street music from southern Africa with jazzy underpinnings. It evolved from the marabi sound and brought South African music to international prominence in the 1950s.

Lingala – Soukous (also known as Soukous or Congo, and previously as African rumba) is a musical genre that originated in the two neighbouring countries of Belgian Congo and French Congo during the 1930s and early 1940s

Makossa – is a type of music which is most popular in urban areas in Cameroon. It is similar to soukous, except it includes strong bass rhythm and a prominent horn section. It originated from a type of Duala dance called kossa, with significant influences from jazz, ambasse bey, Latin music, highlife and rumba.

Malouf – a kind of music imported to Tunisia from Andalusia after the Spanish conquest in the 15th century.

Mapouka – also known under the name of Macouka, is a traditional dance from the south-east of the Ivory Coast in the area of Dabou, sometimes carried out during religious ceremonies.

Maringa – is a West African musical genre. It evolved among the Kru people of Sierra Leone and Liberia, who used Portuguese guitars brought by sailors, combining local melodies and rhythms with Trinidadian calypso.

Marrabenta – is a form of Mozambican dance music. It was developed in Maputo, the capital city of Mozambique, formerly Laurenco Marques.

Mazurka – is a Polish folk dance in triple meter with a lively tempo, containing a heavy accent on the third or second beat. It is always found to have either a triplet, trill, dotted eighth note pair, or ordinary eighth note pair before two quarter notes.

Mbalax – is the national popular dance music of Senegal. It is a fusion of popular dance musics from the West such as jazz, soul, Latin, and rock blended with sabar, the traditional drumming and dance music of Senegal.

Mbaqanga – is a style of South African music with rural Zulu roots that continues to influence musicians worldwide today. The style was originated in the early 1960s.

Mbube – is a form of South African vocal music, made famous by the South African group Ladysmith Black Mambazo. The word mbube means “lion” in Zulu

Merengue – is a type of lively, joyful music and dance that comes from the Dominican Republic

Morna – is a genre of Cape Verdean music, related to Portuguese fado, Brazilian modinha, Argentinian tango, and Angolan lament.

Museve – is a popular Zimbabwe music genre. Artists include Simon Chimbetu and Alick Macheso

Oldies – term commonly used to describe a radio format that usually concentrates on Top 40 music from the ’50s, ’60s and ’70s. Oldies are typically from R&B, pop and rock music genres.

Pop – is an ample and imprecise category of modern music not defined by artistic considerations but by its potential audience or prospective market.

Quadrille – is a historic dance performed by four couples in a square formation, a precursor to traditional square dancing. It is also a style of music.

R&B – is a popular music genre combining jazz, gospel, and blues influences, first performed by African American artists.

Rai – is a form of folk music, originated in Oran, Algeria from Bedouin shepherds, mixed with Spanish, French, African and Arabic musical forms, which dates back to the 1930s and has been primarily evolved by women in the culture.

Ragga – is a sub-genre of dancehall music or reggae, in which the instrumentation primarily consists of electronic music; sampling often serves a prominent role in raggamuffin music as well.

Rap – is the rhythmic singing delivery of rhymes and wordplay, one of the elements of hip hop music and culture.

Rara – is a form of festival music used for street processions, typically during Easter Week.

Reggae – is a music genre first developed in Jamaica in the late 1960s. A particular music style that originated following on the development of ska and rocksteady. Reggae is based on a rhythm style characterized by regular chops on the off-beat, known as the skank.

Reggaeton – is a form of urban music which became popular with Latin American youth during the early 1990s. Originating in Panama, Reggaeton blends Jamaican music influences of reggae and dancehall with those of Latin America, such as bomba, plena, merengue, and bachata as well as that of hip hop and Electronica.

Rock – is a form of popular music with a prominent vocal melody accompanied by guitar, drums, and bass. Many styles of rock music also use keyboard instruments such as organ, piano, synthesizers.

Rumba – is a family of music rhythms and dance styles that originated in Africa and were introduced to Cuba and the New World by African slaves.

Salegy – is a popular type of Afropop styles exported from Madagascar. This Sub-Saharan African folk music dance originated with the Malagasy language of Madagascar, Southern Africa.

Salsa – is a diverse and predominantly Spanish Caribbean genre that is popular across Latin America and among Latinos abroad.

Samba – is one of the most popular forms of music in Brazil. It is widely viewed as Brazil’s national musical style.

Sega – is an evolved combination of traditional Music of Seychelles,Mauritian and Réunionnais music with European dance music like polka and quadrilles.

Seggae – is a music genre invented in the mid 1980s by the Mauritian Rasta singer, Joseph Reginald Topize who was sometimes known as Kaya, after a song title by Bob Marley. Seggae is a fusion of sega from the island country, Mauritius, and reggae.

Semba – is a traditional type of music from the Southern-African country of Angola. Semba is the predecessor to a variety of music styles originated from Africa, of which three of the most famous are Samba (from Brazil), Kizomba (Angolan style of music derived directly from Zouk music) and Kuduro (or Kuduru, energetic, fast-paced Angolan Techno music, so to speak).

Shona Music – is the music of the Shona people of Zimbabwe. There are several different types of traditional Shona music including mbira, singing, hosho and drumming. Very often, this music will be accompanied by dancing, and participation by the audience.

Ska – is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1950s and was a precursor to rocksteady and reggae. Ska combined elements of Caribbean mento and calypso with American jazz and rhythm and blues.

Slow Jam – is typically a song with an R&B-influenced melody. Slow jams are commonly R&B ballads or just downtempo songs. The term is most commonly reserved for soft-sounding songs with heavily emotional or romantic lyrical content.

Soca – is a form of dance music that originated in Trinidad from calypso. It combines the melodic lilting sound of calypso with insistent (usually electronic in recent music) percussion.

Soukous – is a musical genre that originated in the two neighbouring countries of Belgian Congo and French Congo during the 1930s and early 1940s, and which has gained popularity throughout Africa.

Soul – is a music genre that combines rhythm and blues and gospel music, originating in the United States.

Taarab – is a music genre popular in Tanzania. It is influenced by music from the cultures with a historical presence in East Africa, including music from East Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa, North Africa, the Middle East and Europe. Taarab rose to prominence in 1928 with the rise of the genre’s first star, Siti binti Saad.

Tango – is a style of music that originated among European immigrant populations of Argentina and Uruguay. It is traditionally played by a sextet, known as the orquesta típica, which includes two violins, piano, doublebass, and two bandoneons.

Waka – is a popular Islamic-oriented Yoruba musical genre. It was pioneered and made popular by Alhaja Batile Alake from Ijebu, who took the genre into the mainstream Nigerian music by playing it at concerts and parties; also, she was the first waka singer to record an album.

Wassoulou – is a genre of West African popular music, named after the region of Wassoulou. It is performed mostly by women, using lyrics that address women’s issues regarding childbearing, fertility and polygamy.

Ziglibithy – is a style of Ivorian popular music that developed in the 1970s. It was the first major genre of music from the Ivory Coast. The first major pioneer of the style was Ernesto Djedje.

Zouglou – is a dance oriented style of music from the Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast) that first evolved in the 1990s. It started with students (les parents du Campus) from the University of Abidjan.

Zouk – is a style of rhythmic music originating from the French islands of Guadeloupe and Martinique. It has its roots in kompa music from Haiti, cadence music from Dominica, as popularised by Grammacks and Exile One.

A Simple Plan: Dancing

Benefits of Taking Ballroom Dance Lessons Ballroom dance lessons can be taken even if there is no particular special events that you are thinking of attending. If you have no other reason in joining a ballroom dancing class aside from wanting to have fun, then you will surely have fun. Find a company near you so that you can now start on your ballroom dancing lessons. Today, people are looking for new ways to keep themselves fit. Ballroom dance lessons is one great way to get in a workout in an enjoyable way. From getting warmed up and stretching to full on dancing, you are getting your heart rate up and creating movement during the entire time. There is always something different in ballroom dancing that make it far from being boring unlike running, walking, and lifting weights. It is possible to meet new people during ballroom dancing lessons especially if you don’t bring your own partner. You can have a great time learning the dance and meeting new friends at the same time. Every skill level will have its own class whether you are a beginner or an experienced dancer. If you are put in a class level you will be able to meet more people and have fun with them learning together.
Finding Parallels Between Lessons and Life
Try ballroom dancing lessons if you are looking to take a little step out of your normal routine. Trying ballroom dancing is one great way to try something new. It is worth a try even if you are not sure whether you would really like it or not. You can try ballroom dancing at least once to see for yourself if you want to commit for more lessons. You can also sit down and observe how the lessons are conducted so you will find out if it is for you or not.
Questions About Classes You Must Know the Answers To
Ballroom dancing is truly enjoyable and good, whatever you reason for joining is. There are companies that offer classes or a session at a time schedule so whatever is convenient for you, you can enroll in these classes. If you don’t want to go alone, you can always bring a friend or loved on to try it out with you. You can do it without anyone pressuring you into it. Just remember that you are doing this for fun and simply want to try something new. If you have found the right company and you want to talk to the instructor, show up a little early. Whatever concerns that you may have you should talk to your instructor about it. This is so that you can begin this adventure without any type of worry or doubt. If pays to listen to instruction and doing your best. Many people have found ballroom dancing as something they really enjoy and they desire to continue to pursue it.

Lessons Learned from Years with Kits

Use Magic Kits to Learn Magic for the First Time Doing things for the first time is frequently dreaded by several people. However, with good guidance and knowledge, your first time can become actually easy. Just face it and you will realize that you are already done with your task. When doing magic tricks, you need to know how to do them considering that you cannot actually disappoint your audience. You ought to have a flawless performance and avoid exposing to them the secret behind your every trick. This is where magic kits become valuable as you are going to use them when performing magic tricks the right way. There are various kinds of magic tricks that you can do and you often need to use magic kits in order to help you perform better. The best way is to start with the simpler tricks that you need to master over time. As you go along, you can do more difficult tricks since you already know how to use and control the kits during your performance.
What Almost No One Knows About Resources
You can find lots of good magic kits for beginners, especially when you go to toy shops in your area. These can also be ideal gifts to your children who want to experience something new because they aspire as well to be like one of the magicians they often see in children’s parties. Rather than going for the usual items as presents, you can give them something that will amaze them and develop their imagination as well. Giving them a full set can help out in order to practice more skills and be good at them.
What No One Knows About Resources
You can as well have a full collection available in the market today and beginners to magic tricks would certainly love them. Try the internet to find a wide variety of options to see which one will suit best for someone who is new to learning the art of magic. Some of these sites can offer reasonable discounts so you don’t have to strain your budget when they want to get started with magic tricks. You have to consider that the best magic kits are those that include a tutorial to help out a beginner. You can buy one that comes with a free CD/DVD where a master magician is performing the trick for you to have a visual application of the set. The success of learning magic tricks by way of magic kits retail will really depend on who is teaching them and having a professional will help beginners to have an easy journey to becoming an expert. Many sites also offer lessons on magic tricks to help you out. Begin with one trick that you can practice until you can perfectly perform it. Then you can try a new one so you can have a range of tricks to do and catch the attention of people around you.

Interesting Research on Headphones – Things You Probably Never Knew

What You Should Do To Search For The Right Audio Amplifiers If you have been wondering about the functions of audio amplifier devices, then this article will seek to present you with the facts. It is important that you can know about these amplifiers since these can regulate energy that is stored on the outlet on the wall. Many of the energy about these sounds are taken in minor bundles and then they are amplified through the loud speakers. First, there are analog audio amplifier devices that have various separate circuits and the output circuit can produce the powerful electrical source line that depends on the incoming sound signal. The sounds in various wave forms are represented by the AC signals that have the one volt needed. Through the power supplies of these audio amplifier devices, the weaker AC signals are changed in the circuit that produces power lines through the capacitor storage and transformers in the device’s power supply. During the input stage of the audio amplifier devices, the signals are applied to the output circuits and lines of the transistors and then releases the power from the input supply through the loudspeakers. Based on their watts and how they work with speakers, these audio amplifier devices should be the right ones in order to avoid any further issues with the speakers since there are levels of wattage that can damage the speakers. Since you are dealing with sounds, choosing the best audio amplifier devices are great for band services and events management services and choosing the right ones entail that you have to take those that can work in order to offer the best gains and distortions that can provide variations in the loudness. It is important that the audio amplifier devices are chosen right since these should avoid instances of damaging fine wires if signals are cut off and changed to DC signals to AC signals. Signals during input stages should be taken over to the output stages in such a way that the power suppliers can be handled by the right audio amplifier devices. The outputs from the audio amplifier devices should be cleaner and the power is taken towards the speakers without mess and even have free AC signals.
3 Headphones Tips from Someone With Experience
When it comes to shopping for the right audio amplifier devices, tube amplifiers are considered the best forms than those about transistors since they can produce better sound quality with cleaner modulations when using them. As you learn more transistor audio amplifier devices, tube amplifiers are different from the tube amplifiers because of the fact that they can provide smoother sounds and fuller sounds compared to the others in the industry, so they are perfect for services such as music services and events management services.Interesting Research on Headphones – What You Didn’t Know

Getting Down To Basics with Stories

The Undisputed Benefits of Fanfiction Writing For many years, creative writing has been an activity that many people participated in. Though TV and the internet have reduced the number of readers in the society; many writers still exist, and their creative pieces are just amazing. If you love a certain movie or TV show, you can write about them and use the characters involved, and that is the simple definition of fanfiction. Here are the 8 notable benefits you could get from being a fanfiction writer. If you write fanfiction frequently; you will end up having your imagination nurtured. You get to twist stories written or done by others, which makes you a highly creative individual. It will not take long before you become one excellent storyteller who is famous as well. Since your work is not for publishing, perfection isn’t a standard you have to attain in fanfiction. It allows you to maximize your creativity and express the views that are dearest to you. As a result, you are allowed to venture into any writing area you choose. Professional writing, on the other hand, has numerous constraints that you will not encounter once you choose fanfiction.
Short Course on Entertainment – What You Should Know
If the story in a movie or TV show comes to an end, you get to express your love for it by your written work. One desirable aspect of fanfiction is that you will get the chance to continue with the story but using your own account. Many people find that to be a fun activity since they can relate to their favorite characters continuously.
Discovering The Truth About Stories
It is with this form of writing that a novice can be turned into a professional writer in a short time. Many of the successful writers started with creative pieces of work and fanfiction is one of their roots. Before long, you will be one famous author. Fanfiction writing allows you to nurture creative problem-solving skills. Such an effect comes when you constantly place yourself in someone’s life because it nurtures empathy and problem solving tremendously. You get to understand the characters you are writing about better since you take some time to learn about them. Consequently, you will do extremely well when it comes to character understanding, development, and analysis, traits that will help you interact with the persons you encounter on a daily basis in real life. Fanfiction is a creative expression art that helps many people relieve the stresses that originate from daily activities. It is just the perfect activity when you want to momentarily escape from reality to a perfect environment that you can create. Fancfiction will make your fans very happy individuals. Even though you won’t miss a negative comment here and there; overall, responses will be positive.

Entertainment – My Most Valuable Tips

How to Write Fanfiction When you write a good story, a lot of people would surely want to read it, making your feel fulfilled. Before you can write a good one, you have to know what makes it that. Before you are able to proceed with this venture, a set of rules have to be kept in mind. There are comments and suggestions which can be found online when it comes to these things. A lot of readers would be able to make comments on these issues as well so you have nothing to worry about in the least. Your product should be nothing less than the best especially when it comes to fanfiction. There are certain rules you should consider when writing this stuff. There has to be awareness of the characters one is writing about. They should all fit the story of your fanfiction as well. This is what the readers want – a character’s connection to the story. There has to be some research done when it comes to these things. Pay close attention to the things you write about because that is how you’d be able to develop the story well. Grammar and punctuation have to be properly executed when writing your story. It’s not that you have to check your notes every time you complete a sentence, it’s just that you have to be careful. When it comes to these matters, you just have to be aware of the simple rules involved. One of your responsibilities as a writer is to get the punctuation right all the time. If you want to check if this aspect of your story is on point, visit the grammar and punctuation-related websites out there. It is important that you follow all the rules involved when changing speaking points. When you do this, you don’t have to worry about making mistakes. There are applications for proper spelling check so make sure to use them as soon as your story is completed. There are many options to access online when it comes websites that do free spell checks. Your story has to be perfect without any misspelled words at all.
Why People Think Fiction Are A Good Idea
You have to keep in mind that revisions have to be done in the proper way. Read through it as soon as you are done. There are certain parts of your story which have to be changed and smoothened out so make sure to do so as soon as possible. If you’re not confident enough in your skills then you can hire someone to check it for you. He has to know all about your objective so that he’d be able to do things the right way. Fanfiction has to be written in the best possible way because this would earn you a steady fan base in the future.A Quick Overlook of Entertainment – Your Cheatsheet

6 Facts About Services Everyone Thinks Are True

Is Fashion Photography for You? When we speak of fashion photography, we are referring to a kind of photography where the subject is a fashion model wearing the latest fashion products and corresponding accessories so that is can be publishes in advertisements, fashions magazine or for the use of designs and other players in the industry. Fashions photography as defined above is what fashion experts hold on to. In fashion photography they usually chosen exotic locals or the world’s top models as subjects and they us dramatic lighting and state of the art cameras. Fashion photography is a powerful stamp to the fashion ideals of the day. You can also tell the global social and political climate through it. You can also modernism and post modernism in fashion photography. In it an individual expressions himself and it perpetuates conformity, obsolescence and timelessness, function and form. Through novelty, fashion photography keeps the world attentive to all that is happening. Fashion photographers have left their competition behind because they have learned the expressive avenues that this aspect of photography offers. If you want to be a successful fashion photographer, you need to understand everything about fashion photography. If you want to be creative and give enthusiasts the creativity the industry feeds on, then it is important to read as many magazines as possible. It will benefit you much if you subscribe to these magazine annually or make online magazine purchases. You should look at this as an investment. If you look at successful companies, they indeed rake huge profits from this business.
6 Facts About Services Everyone Thinks Are True
You need a good camera because in this job, quality is more important than quantity. You also need to keep a comprehensive portfolio. Fashion houses are constantly looking for raw talent that will increase the saleability of their products.
A 10-Point Plan for Services (Without Being Overwhelmed)
Expression is very important in fashion photography. The works of the photographer is a graphic expression of his personality. You should have sharp and vibrant portfolio images on a 4×5″ transparency. You will sufficiently need around twenty photographs, showcasing various styles. Using the internet is beneficial for would be fashion photographers. In the internet you can feedback almost instantly which proof to be invaluable. The public use the internet to its full advantage. And this is why the thriving photography industry online offers this high quality guarantee. A picture will then be worth far more than a thousand words. In fashion photography you need a right attitude, passion, creativity, and an eye for detail. If you want help to develop these elements in yourself then you can enroll in any of the prestigious schools that offer training in these skills and the knowledge that you need to be successful in the fashion photography field. The world is waiting for that ambitious and driven person who embarks on fashion photography.

Discovering The Truth About Stores

Party Supplies- How Much Do You Know About Them? Having a great time in your life just to get of your schedule is key in ensuring that you are refreshed and more so ready to face another day in your life. Hanging out with friends at restaurant club or a bar is one of the options that many of you have picked so they can enjoy their time accompanied by some music which makes the whole event amazing. For clubs, bars and restaurants to attract more customers and ensure that they do not lose their customers they have ensured that they adopt ways in which they full satisfy the needs of their various customers. Party supplies for clubs, bars and restaurants ensures that you get quality and affordable equipment that will help you in complementing your bar hence attracting more customers each day. The services you offer at your club supported by the party supplies available at the club ensures that people who choose going out are able to opt for your club every other time they want to go out, in some cases they might even opt to hire your bar for a specific event.In the event you have a good reputation in the business it helps you realize an increase in profits and more so an increase in the revenues in the business. In order to get the best supplies for your club, bar and restaurant you can do more research about the supplies and also seek recommendations from friend who have been in the business for a while. Some of the party supplies that are common for clubs, bars and restaurants are the led sparklers, electric sparklers and battery operated sparklers. In order to ensure that your customers feel like VIPs you need sparklers which serve the purpose very well. You can choose to have memorable moments and also ensure that your party is decorated when you opt to have champagne bottle sparklers. If you have never handled a champagne bottle sparkler then you should not worry since apart from just having a breathtaking display they are safe for handle. The lighting up of the champagne bottle is very simple since all you have to do is to place a lighting flame on top of the champagne bottle and you are good to go. Developments in the partying industry has seen candles being replaced by the champagne bottle sparklers on the birthday cakes and other more events. One of the advantages of the champagne bottle sparkler is that it is more appealing and can rise more inches higher than the candles.
Incredible Lessons I’ve Learned About Stores
It is important that the uses of the sparklers are vigilant to eliminate any possible threats of fire breakdown such as gas leakages and many others.News For This Month: Supplies

Study: My Understanding of Parties

Your Guide to Purchasing Party Supplies at Low Cost A lot of things go into purchasing your materials for a party. However, you know exactly that this can be a lot easier to say than do. For the sake of helping you get through the job quickly and successfully, below is a list of suggestions on how to purchase party supplies at low cost. PLAN YOUR BUDGET Maybe you are among those people who are great fans of parties. However, if you are the person who is holding the party and need to perform all the necessary preparations, you are likely to be surprised by how high the cost of events like this can go. There are so many party supplies and materials that you need to purchase. It is for this reason that you need to plan your party right by having a budget first. And make sure to follow your budget and stick to it no matter what. Not following your budget can destroy your plan.
Interesting Research on Events – What You Didn’t Know
DO NOT FORGET TO BE CREATIVE
Interesting Research on Events – What No One Ever Told You
Being creative means doing it your way. And when you exercise your creativity, you have a high potential of incurring less expenses for your party. For instance, you wish your little girl to be putting on a tutu on her first birthday, then you can decide to make one instead of buying from the store. All you need is purchase the materials you need and research for the steps over the internet. If you do so, you save a great fraction of the cost it needs to purchase a tutu from the store. When it comes to the venue decors, you can make your creativity to work and give you the savings you need. DO NOT SHOP AT THE ELEVENTH HOUR Shopping when you are just about to begin the party is not ideal. When you have limited time, you no longer can make a proper choice of the products and supplies that you need for your party. You no longer consider what’s cheap and what’s better. At this instance, you surely have found it really helpful to plan for a party ahead of time. With the big preparation you need to make for your party, it is difficult to think calmly. But you are also aware that there are steps that you can do to ensure that every thing is still going to end right. The key there is to plan ahead of time, set your budget and stick to it, add some creativity to your preparations and not to shop at the verge of your event.

Case Study: My Experience With Supplies

Important Types of Equipment for Party Supplies A party can never be complete without some key supplies. Whatever type of party you are planning to have either small or big make sure you have glassware, mobile bars and a nice touch of crockery. The main aim of a party is to impress your guests and you cannot impress them without essential supplies. Renting the supplies is a cheaper option instead of buying them not unless you will be planning for parties daily. By renting the equipment you will be able to get all of them at one point and you will be able to consult which pieces of equipment are suitable for different functions. The important equipment that you should have include; You should have ice buckets and punch bowls and for those who love torts and alcohol this bowls must be placed as mini bars for them. It is good to mix at least two types of punches and for others offer at least two are three types of alcohol. For you to feel like a celeb it’s good to choose big bowls which are either glass or vintage inspired. Ice buckets will prevent you from running to the fridge now and then and they should be strategically placed. You should place ice buckets near minibars and punchbowls. Your party supply you should never miss are the mobile bars and mini bars. A cabinet can be transformed easily to a mini bar by replacing what is inside with various types of wines and spirits. Glasses can be arranged next to the mini bar and they should be within everyone’s reach. Mobile bars with beer taps will do great for a casual party. You should ask for supply of comfortable chairs and chair covers which are important in the party. Chair covers are not important but they will prevent spillages and scratches from the seats. You can never miss the supply of glassware, crockery, and silverware because they are important for a formal party. These three items were used in the old age and if you are expecting old guests they will surely appreciate. Lighting in a party is usually overlooked although is important. While choosing the lighting consider the kind of party you are having for them to add the correct festive mood. Disco balls, lanterns, and string lights can be hired for both indoor and outdoor parties. Lastly a party cannot be complete without table scatters. Once you have decided to do away with all other party decorations you can have table scatters and they will bring a festive air to your party.A Simple Plan: Parties

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5 Uses For Events

A Number Of Fun Things To Do Near Me Of importance to do is to get to spare some time off your ever busy daily schedule so as to get the chance to spend time with your friends. In addition to getting the chance to receive and also give advice to your friends, spending time with them will also give you the opportunity to reconnect with them. There exist a lot of activities that you can involve yourselves in so as to pass time, when you want to have an enjoyable time and also get to know how each one of fairing on in life. Whether it is preparing lunch, breakfast or even dinner, the number one activity that you and your friends can get to involve yourselves in is getting to make a meal as a group. There is nothing that does it better than preparing and then having a meal together with the most important people in your life, when you want to reconnect. When you are getting the meal ready and also when you are taking the meal, you will get the chance to talk things over. This will also serve as a way of spending valuable time with the group and also as a way of getting to enjoy the process of preparing and taking an affordable special meal with the group. Hiking has always been the cheapest and also the best way to spend time with people that you have not seen for quite some period of time and going on hikes in places that have beautiful sites serves as a great way of relaxing and at the same time of connecting with your friends.Going on hikes in places that have beautiful sites serves as a great way of relaxing and at the same time of connecting with your friends and hiking has always been the cheapest and also the best way to spend time with people that you have not seen for quite some period of time. When you get to go as a group, the cost of the hiking charges will be affordable when you share among the members. Another exercise that you and your friends can get to perform so as not to get bored is horse riding as it will help you to get to enjoy some trails that you cannot do while walking with your friends.
What Research About Activities Can Teach You
You can also choose to undertake some indoor activities such as watching movies or playing video games. One thing to know is the fact that video games normally do provide an excellent way of enjoying valuable closeness time by way of giving you significant time to play the games that you and your friends enjoy the most. You can choose to play some of the games that you enjoyed playing when you were kids or even get learn new ones altogether. Whichever the activities that you select to involve yourselves in, make sure that you get to have fun.What Almost No One Knows About Ideas

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